To drill holes, you have several options, each of which can be used in different circumstances and will produce different results. So it is important to be able to decide which option you will use. Two popular options are the drill press vs hand drill. They are both designed to make holes in materials, but they are very different from each other.
A drill press is thanks to its column a more stable instrument than a hand drill, allowing you to drill precise holes in hard materials with ease. A hand drill is compact, light, and portable, making it easy to drill holes (or drive screws) in hard-to-reach places quickly.
To know exactly which tool to use for the task you are working on, it is good to study the advantages and disadvantages of these two types. This way you can point out the differences between the drill press vs hand drill and know exactly what they can be used for. After reading this article, you will be able to make the right choice time and time again and complete your project more accurately and efficiently.
- What is a Drill Press?
- What is a hand drill?
- Drill press vs hand drill, what are the differences?
- Do you need a drill press?
What is a Drill Press?
A drill press is essentially a large and powerful drill that is held in place thanks to a sturdy base. This allows it to be used to drill straight and accurate holes in (hard) materials such as wood, metal, plastic, and so on.
When drilling holes with a larger diameter or harder materials, many DIYers and professionals will opt for a drill press because of its stability. This is because the drill is attached to a sturdy base and has a powerful motor. Column drilling machines are available as a floor version or as a table model.
This machine uses a rotating spindle in which the drill is placed. By lowering the spindle with the lever, the drill is pushed into the workpiece. Due to the enormous force that this machine can develop, it is recommended to clamp the piece you are working on during the job.
What is a drill press used for?
Initially, a drill press was made for drilling all kinds of holes in all kinds of materials. By mounting parts in the chuck other than a drill, such as a drum sander, a wire brush, or a milling cutter, it can be used for many other applications. The sturdy base makes it a versatile device.
My drill press is one of the most used devices in my workshop, for which I have made a custom table that allows me to use it as a drum sander. In this video on my YouTube channel, I show you how I made it.
If you want to learn more about the drill press, such as its maintenance, you can take a look at this list where all the articles I already wrote about this great machine are grouped. Later in this article, I will dive deeper into the question “Do you need a drill press?” so keep reading.
What Are the Advantages of Drill Press?
- A Drill Press is more accurate, thanks to the sturdy support column, adjustable height, and chamfer tables.
- With the Drill Press, you can work faster and more efficiently in a repetitive way because of the preset elements. Once set, you can quickly start drilling multiple equal holes.
- The drill press is robust and has a powerful motor that drills through harder materials with greater ease.
- A Drill Press gives you more comfort and better control over both the tool and the workpiece.
- The drill press is more versatile than just drilling holes.
- With the drill press, it is easy to maintain a correct and constant drilling speed.
What Are the Disadvantages of Drill Press?
In addition to its many advantages, a drill press also has a few disadvantages. It is important to be aware of this when considering the purchase of a drill press vs hand drill.
- The biggest disadvantage of a drill press is its portability. These are quite heavy machines, especially the ground models. There are smaller models that you can place on your workbench, but they are still quite heavy.
- In terms of the purchase price, a drill press is a lot more expensive than a hand drill.
- Larger machines also come with greater costs in the case of repairs when something breaks. Sometimes self-repair is no longer an option.
- A drill press also requires more maintenance than a normal hand drill, although this is actually not that bad.
What is a hand drill?
To be clear, what is exactly called a hand drill?
Some individuals use the term “hand drill” to describe a manual hole-drilling tool. Others will refer to an electrically driven drill that is portable and drills when the trigger is pulled.
Although manual tools are becoming less popular, some people still enjoy working with them. And, to be honest, I think it has some potential, but it also has a few flaws. A manual drill will not only use more energy, but it will also take longer to get the job done.
I am going to use an electric powered drill in this drill press vs hand drill comparison, as it is becoming more and more popular. Also, a manual drill, which is driven by the power of the user, would not be suitable for comparison with a powerful drill press.
What is a hand drill used for?
A hand drill can be used to drill holes as well as to drive screws. Today, almost all hand drills are battery powered, which means they can be taken anywhere. Due to their compactness, they are not only mobile but also usable in small spaces.
Hand drills are made by different brands and there are sometimes big differences, even between the models of one brand. To be able to make a good choice for the right drill for your workshop, I wrote the handy guide, “Cordless Drills Buying Guide | Discover The 5 Best Cordless Drills For Woodworking”. With the tips you can read there, you’ll find the cordless drill you need in no time.
Hand drills are seen as indispensable in the workshop. I use my cordless drill very often. I use these alternately for drilling or screwing. You may be wondering now, if you have a cordless drill, do you need a drill press? Later, in this comparison between the drill press vs hand drill, I will tell you more about this.
What Are the Advantages of Using a Hand Drill?
- The hand drill’s primary advantage is its portability, especially when it’s powered by a battery.
- A hand drill is far less expensive than a drill press. That is also why many newbie woodworkers prefer to buy this tool over a drill press.
- A hand drill requires almost minimal maintenance other than charging the battery and keeping the tool dust-free.
- The drill’s speed is determined by the trigger. It spins faster the harder you press it. If you want to work accurately, this gives you the option to start slowly.
- You can drill and screw with a hand drill.
- As with a drill press, no settings are necessary. This ensures that you will be able to work faster under certain circumstances.
What Are the Disadvantages of a Hand Drill?
Just as you could already see with the drill press, a hand drill also has a number of disadvantages. By going through these disadvantages, you will gain a better insight into which type of drill you can use for your project, the drill press vs hand drill.
- A drill press is more sturdy and accurate than a hand drill.
- Despite the fact that many hand drills have a small and strong engine, they can’t compete with a drill press. As a result, you’ll be less inclined to use a hand drill to drill through tough materials.
- When using a hand drill, the risk of kickback grows when the drill grips the workpiece.
- Maintaining a steady pace, which is critical for drilling effectively, is tough.
- When utilizing broader drills, such as Forstner drills, you’ll have to exert more effort to keep the drill under control, and you’ll run the chance of the drill hole’s edge not being crisp and smooth.
Drill press vs hand drill, what are the differences?
We can compare the primary differences now that you know the advantages and disadvantages of both the drill press and the hand drill. Actually, neither is superior to the other; they can just be utilized for different purposes. You can accurately estimate which option is best for your project if you understand these distinctions.
Accuracy. The drill press’ precision is aided by the column’s stability. This will aid in maintaining the proper angle at all times. This typically results in precise and even holes.
Mechanism. Maintaining a constant speed is more challenging because the machine’s speed is governed by how hard the human hand pushes the trigger. A drill press, on the other hand, has a consistent and predictable speed.
Power. A Drill Press has a robust motor system that allows it to drill with more dynamism and precision. A hand drill, on the other hand, simply requires you to use significant physical effort to drill through the material, which can be demanding.
Size. The size is one of the biggest differences between a drill press vs hand drill. A hand drill is obviously much smaller and lighter than a drill press. That makes it significantly easier to transport. Also, because of its small size, a hand drill will take less place in the workshop and is easier to store. However, if you need to drill through thicker materials, you will need a larger tool like the drill press.
Safety. One of the most important advantages of using a Drill Press is its safety. To begin with, it includes a clamp that holds the material in place, so you don’t have to use your hands to do so. You may also better manage the speed, reducing the danger of breakage and mishaps, like kickback, during the drilling process. Find more about drill press safety in my article, “Drill Press Accidents Happen Every Day: 9 Tips To Stay Safe”.
Functionality. A Drill Press can efficiently drill holes at any angle, however, a Hand Drill may be inconvenient and more difficult. So, if you want to drill very precisely, having a Drill Press at your workstation is usually beneficial.
Speed. The speed at which you can drill with a hand drill is determined by the amount of force you can exert in relation to the angle and depth of the hole. The procedure is slower and is constrained by your ability to control it. Before drilling, you can set angles, depth, and speed with a drill press. As a result, the procedure becomes faster while causing little to no weariness.
Price. Because a hand drill is less expensive, it is preferred by many (beginner) woodworkers on a tight budget. Unfortunately, the Drill Press is more expensive. The cost of a drill press when a part break is a lot more expensive than a hand drill. You will also have to spend more time maintaining a drill press compared to maintaining a hand drill.
Do you need a drill press?
You can predict which drill you’ll use now that you know the advantages and disadvantages of each type of drill, as well as the fundamental differences between a drill press vs hand drill. Choose a drill based on the sort of material you’ll be drilling, as well as accuracy, speed, and other factors. It’s always a good idea to do the identical drilling action with both drill types and compare the results. You will gain a better understanding of these tools and be able to utilize them more efficiently if you practice frequently.
When you look at the capabilities of these two sorts of drills, you’ll notice that they can effectively perform the same thing, and that is to drill holes. Furthermore, you may drive screws with a hand drill. A logical thought will then be, do you need a drill press? In the end, a hand drill performs the same functions as a drill press while costing less.
I have both in my workshop, and I can tell you that if you want to drill accurate holes at the required angle, the answer is: YES, you will need a drill press. Drilling holes with a drill press ensures that your project’s workpieces fit correctly.
Beginner woodworkers should use a hand drill instead of a power drill because it is much more cost-effective. I can recommend that you buy a drill press as soon as your budget permits it. That will help you advance your drilling skills.
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